Submission Open for IJTEM Volume-2, Number-3, March 2019 | Submission Deadline- 20 March, 2019


International Journal of Tax Economics and Management

All Articles

IJTEM 1/2

An Evaluation of Tax and Social Security Premium Incentives for Employers in Working Life from the Standpoint of Turkish Laws

Esra Dundar Aravacik    Page 1-25 51

A social state of welfare that procures a variety of economic and social policies for all to grasp some minimal standards of living, needs to inaugurate winning recruitment strategies for effectively tackling the obstacles of employment that thwart steady economic growth. Certain incentives are currently offered by the government for employers to pick, involving some tax exclusions and relief in workers’ social security obligations, in an effort to help creation of new job opportunities, lowering the risk of unemployment and an increase in tendency among youngsters and women toward joining the workforce. These incentives also serve some greater goals such as channelling investments, boosting throughput, forging business owners to achieve better in competition and thereby augmenting the overall competitive power of the country on the international arena, and perseverance of R&D efforts for technological advancement. The incentives pursued in both industrial states and developing countries on employment for economic and social purposes have been transposed to the government practice in Turkey, as well, as part of the ongoing struggle against problems of employment. This study puts the magnifying glass on the current range of tax and insurance incentives for private employers as secured by the Turkish Laws in effect, in the hope of helping a rise in employment rates.

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IJTEM 1/2

Effect on Market Size in terms of Average Income and Demand: A Context Concerning Bangladesh

MD. Asaduzzaman    Page 26-33 78

In a developing country, the income of most people is very low and some people earn a lot more than that. Bangladesh is not out of this rule. It is a very hard task to measure the demands of people due to the rising and falling of income suddenly. It is a very natural fact that the income ups and downs suddenly of a developing country due to the political issues, social issues, and naturals disasters. The average income is calculated according to all this.

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IJTEM 1/2

Economic Systems and Problems in Human Society

Shirley B. Woodson    Page 34-44 68

Economists could never agree on what economics can be called. But many agree on many aspects of economic negotiation and analysis. According to Adam Smith, ‘Economics is the science of discussion on wealth’. John Stewart Mill thinks that ‘the meaning of wealth is fundamental and discusses its production and distribution rules’. According to Ricardo, ‘Political Economy is the nature of the property and the reason why he thinks it should be said that it can’t be construed as a rule by which to determine the division of the rules in different classes, but the rationale is to make a fairly accurate rule.

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IJTEM 1/2

A Review of International Trade Law

Md. Md. Ashiquzzaman    Page 45-69 54

International trade law refers to the import and export of goods and other things between the two countries. For international trade, it is a very important matter in the business sector to know and observe international trade law in details. In this article we will discuss international trade and international trade law. Which is a very important issue in international trade. The aim of this article was to try to discuss all of the international trade issues.

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IJTEM 1/2

Gross Domestic Product & it’s Various Approaches

Satish Chandra Agarwal    Page 70-85 37

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a period of time, often annually GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries; therefore, using a basis of GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) is arguably more useful when comparing differences in living standards between nations. .

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